Since certain laws were enacted in 1989, all commercial truck drivers are subject to certain drug tests designed to test their ability to operate a vehicle. The regulations that were set forth serve to ensure that a drug-free and alcohol-free environment is maintained on the highways and freeways of America at all times. These laws apply to anyone, of any nationality, operating a commercial vehicle within the United States.
A little history surrounding these laws will reveal that the regulation started with the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, who began to require urine drug testing in 1989. Since then, the rules have changed many times to include new substances that have emerged and have also kept up with advances in technology. The basic principle of keeping the roads safe have not been subject change throughout the years.
There are also many different types of actual tests that are done to ensure that the roads are safe for everyone to drive. A pre-employment test is done when a driver is being considered for employment. A carrier is not permitted to hire a driver if the test for said driver comes back positive. There are also reasonable suspicion tests that are ordered by supervisors who have reason to believe that a driver may be using alcohol or drugs. Also, DOT regulations include administering random drug tests to all drivers within a company.
The procedures for drug tests can also vary. The most widely used, practiced, and accepted method of drug testing for the Department of Transportation is the five-panel urine test. This test will look for drugs such as amphetamines, cocaine, marijuana, PCP, and opiates.
All of these regulations have been put in place to keep us safe on the road. Contact us to learn more!